Dentures – different possibilities to replace missing teeth
In the case of loss of natural teeth, affected people have the option of having their teeth either partially or their dentures completely replaced. It is commonly referred to as “third parties” because they are the alternative to toothlessness after milk teeth and permanent dentition. Today, no one has to walk around toothless.
Human teeth differ in milk teeth, which fall out completely by the age of 13. Between the ages of six and 13, children lose their milk teeth.
The permanent dentition then consists of a total of 32 teeth, including four wisdom teeth. By nature, permanent dentition is designed so that the teeth last at least until the age of 50. Dentures are an issue for people around 50.
In the event of loss of natural teeth, those affected have the option of having teeth replaced either partially or the dentition completely. It is commonly referred to as “third parties” because they are the alternative to toothlessness after milk teeth and permanent dentures. Today, no one has to walk around toothless.
Human teeth differ in milk teeth, which fall out completely by the age of 13. Between the ages of six and 13, children lose their milk teeth. The permanent teeth then consist of a total of 32 teeth, including four wisdom teeth. By nature, permanent dentition is designed so that the teeth last at least until the age of 50. Dentures are an issue for people around 50.
Dentures and what the statutory health insurance pays
In the event that teeth fall out or have to be extracted from the permanent dentition because they are diseased, the full function of the dentition can be restored with the help of dentures. Especially when chewing, missing teeth become unpleasantly noticeable. If front teeth are missing, this is also not a pleasant sight. Permanent dentures, which are characterised by numerous gaps, not only lack chewing function, but also lack aesthetics. Patients who have statutory health insurance receive a maximum subsidy of 65 percent for dental prostheses from their health insurance company. Those affected have to pay the difference out of their own pockets. The reimbursement does not refer to the desired tooth replacement, but to the medically necessary. Implants or high-quality prostheses are not included.
For this reason, it is advantageous for those with statutory insurance to take out private insurance in good time by taking out supplementary dental insurance. With this additional insurance it is possible in due course to insist on expensive dentures. Depending on the chosen tariff, insurers will reimburse between 70 and 100 percent of the actual cost of the dental prosthesis. However, waiting periods have to be taken into account and costs are only covered for teeth that were still present at the time the insurance was taken out.
Dentures and the different types
In dental prostheses, a distinction must be made between bridges, crowns, prostheses, veneers and implants. If the gaps in the dentition are smaller, there is also the possibility of inserting partial dentures (bridges), which are connected to the remaining teeth. No matter which solution patients prefer, everything is possible in Dr. Bender’s dental practice. Dr. Bender has his own dental laboratory and can respond directly to the wishes of his patients.
Dental implants have the task of replacing individual missing teeth. They are attached directly to the jawbone. Thus they have a root similar to that of the natural tooth. Implants are usually made of titanium, which experience has shown to be the most compatible with biological tissue. Patients who are allergic to titanium can be helped with ceramic implants. Once the implant is inserted and screwed in, it takes time for the wound to heal. After the healing process, an artificial tooth is placed on the implant. This technique is characterized by the fact that the load on the jawbone afterwards is the same as before. This prevents the regression of the jaw.
Unlike an implant, which is fixed, a denture is removable. It is relatively rare that patients need a full denture because they no longer have any teeth of their own. If teeth are only partially missing in the upper or lower jaw, a partial denture can be used to replace them. Patients should have their dentures checked by their dentist at regular intervals in order to reline them if necessary. If the denture wobbles, this inevitably leads to bone loss in the jaw.
Dentists refer to ceramic half-shells as veneers. They are glued to the surface of the teeth and can correct malpositioned teeth, gaps or discoloration of the teeth. Veneers are particularly popular for aesthetic reasons on the front teeth.
Crowns are first choice for damaged teeth with healthy substance. Crowns are also more a question of aesthetics than dentistry. But they can also help to preserve natural teeth for longer. The gold crowns that were common in the past, which were also a status symbol, are now replaced by plastic or ceramic, which is much cheaper.
The visible part of a tooth can be restored with a crown. This method results in teeth that look even and beautiful and yet are still functional, especially in the case of front teeth. However, crowns are also an option for molars if a classical filling is not sufficient or the damage to the molar cannot be repaired by a filling alone.